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Neutron star equation of state from the quark level in the light of GW170817

作者:Zhen-Yu Zhu, En-Ping Zhou and Ang Li

​Matter state inside neutron stars is an exciting problem in astrophysics, nuclear physics and particle physics. The equation of state (EOS) of neutron stars plays a crucial role in the present multimessenger astronomy, especially after the event of GW170817. We propose a new neutron star EOS ``QMF18'' from the quark level, which describes well robust observational constraints from free-space ...

A lower occurrence rate of bright X-ray flares in SN-GRBs than z<1 GRBs: evidence of energy partitions?

Authors: Hui-Jun Mu, Wei-Min Gu, Jirong Mao, Tong Liu, Shu-Jin Hou, Da-Bin Lin, Junfeng Wang, Taotao Fang, En-Wei Liang Abstract: The occurrence rates of bright X-ray flares in z < 1 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with or without observed supernovae (SNe) association were compared. Our Sample I: the z < 1 long GRBs (LGRBs) with SNe association (SN-GRBs) and with early Swift/X- Ray Telescope (XRT) observations, consists of 18 GRBs, among which only two GRBs have bright X-ray flares. Our Sample II: for comparison, all the z < 1 LGRBs without observed SNe association and with early Swift/XRT observations, consists of 45 GRBs, among which 16 GRBs present bright X-ray flares...

XMM-Newton Survey of Local O VII Absorption Lines in the Spectra of Galactic X-Ray Sources

Authors: Luo, Yang; Fang, Taotao; Ma, Renyi Abstract: The detection of highly ionized metal absorption lines in the X-ray spectra of the Galactic X-ray binaries (XRBs) implies the distribution of hot gas along the sightline toward the background sources. However, the origin of this hot gas is still unclear: it can arise in the hot interstellar medium (ISM), or is intrinsic to the XRBs. In this paper, we present an XMM-Newton survey of the O VII absorption lines in the spectra of Galactic XRBs. A total of 33 XRBs were selected, with 29 low-mass XRBs and 4 high-mass XRBs. At a more than 3σ threshold, O VII absorption line was detected in 16 targets, among which 4 were ...

Central Engine-Powered Bright X-ray Flares in Short Gamma-Ray Bursts: A Hint of Black Hole-Neutron Star Merger?

Authors: Hui-Jun Mu, Wei-Min Gu, Jirong Mao, Shu-Jin Hou, Da-Bin Lin, Tong Liu Abstract: Short gamma-ray bursts may originate from the merger of double neutron stars (NS) or that of a black hole (BH) and an NS. We propose that the bright X-ray flare related to the central engine reactivity may hint a BH-NS merger, since such a merger can provide more fall-back materials and therefore a more massive accretion disk than the NS-NS merger. Based on the observed 49 short bursts with Swift/X-ray Telescope follow-up observations, we find that three bursts have bright X-ray flares, among which three flares from two bursts are probably related to the central engine reactivity....

Constraints on interquark interaction parameters with GW170817 in a binary strange star scenario

Authors: Enping Zhou, Xia Zhou, Ang Li The LIGO/VIRGO detection of the gravitational waves from a binary merger system, GW170817, has put a clean and strong constraint on the tidal deformability of the merging objects. From this constraint, deep insights can be obtained in compact star equation of states, which has been one of the most puzzling problems for nuclear physicists and astrophysicists. Employing one of the most widely-used quark star EOS model, we characterize the star properties by the strange quark mass ($m_s$), an effective bag constant ($B_{\rm eff}$), the perturbative QCD correction ($a_4$), as well as the gap parameter ($\Delta$) when considering quar...

Outflows from black hole hyperaccretion systems: short and long-short gamma-ray bursts and "quasi-supernovae"

Authors: Cui-Ying Song, Tong Liu, and Ang Li The detections of some long gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) relevant to mergers of neutron star (NS)-NS or black hole (BH)-NS, as well as some short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs) probably produced by collapsars, muddle the boundary of two categories of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In both cases, a plausible candidate of central engine is a BH surrounded by a hyperaccretion disc with strong outflows, launching relativistic jets driven by Blandford-Znajek mechanism. In the framework of compact binary mergers, we test the applicability of the BH hyperaccretion inflow-outflow model on powering observed GRBs. We find that, for a low outflow rat...

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